Kristīne Rudzinska, Master of Health Sciences, Art Therapist and Drama Therapist, talks about what drama therapy is and how it helps to understand the patient's emotions, improves motivation, corrects destructive behavior and develops self-confidence and social skills.
Drama therapy is one of the art therapies. There is various use and it can help everyone to improve their emotional, cognitive, physical and social health.It is based on the scientific application of drama and is used for therapeutic purposes - to promote and facilitate communication and relationships, learning and cognition, mobilization, expression and organization or physical, mental and social health, thus promoting personal potential development and / or restoring better functions to achieve quality of life.
A drama therapist is a medical practitioner who has a master's degree in health care and a professional qualification as an art therapist, specializing in drama therapy.
Drama therapy is a scientifically and medically technologically based method of integrative psychotherapy, which is currently very popular in England, USA and other developed and economically active countries, where drama therapy is also used as a life coaching method for client's ability to work and improve/develop the quality of life.
There is British model chosen for the creation and development of drama therapy in Latvia. In the UK, the therapy has been officially recognized since 1976, and since 1999, drama therapy has been included among 14 health care professions controlled by the British Health Professions Council (HPC).
Drama therapy use is spacious and this method can be applied to work with a wide range of clients / patients and cases: patient emotions, motivation, behavioral correction, self-confidence and social skills development. DT works with children, adolescents, adults, both individually and in a group
This method is used in cases of mental problems such as depression, eating disorders, behavioral and emotional disorders, personality disorders, schizophrenia, anxiety and panic attacks, post-traumatic stress disorder, prolonged feeling of loss or prolonged grief, experienced emotional or physical violence, especially in the period of social rehabilitation after acute treatment.
Drama therapy is also used effectively in cases of behavioral problems, autism, thinking disorders, eating disorders, women with postpartum depression, as well as in geriatric patients.Drama therapy is also used in therapy work with clients who have experienced emotional trauma, now it is as distress. Drama therapy is also suitable for clients who have non-specific difficulties and who want to improve their quality of life.
Drama therapy is also suitable for clients with non-specific difficulties who want to improve their quality of life. This method can be successfully used to diagnose and model and improve various life / relationship / business situations.
Therapy is individually or in a group, in pairs or family therapy. It is suitable for children, adolescents, young people, adults and also geriatric patients.
Be aware of possible solutions to the problemBy realizing these goals according to the results of the patient's evaluation, drama therapy helps the patient to become participatory and co-responsible for their physical and mental health. Achieving these goals is realized in a safe and supportive therapeutic atmosphere, which helps the patient to recover faster.
Drama therapy is closely related to other sciences - psychiatry, psychology, sociology, social anthropology. The goals of drama therapy are determined in the evaluation process and are individual, depending on the client's range of problems, environment and theoretical orientation, within which they must be realized:
Drama therapy is one of the ways to facilitate getting rid of various harmful habits. Drama therapy and psychodrama techniques can help people who have given up hope of improving or changing something in their lives. Drama therapy allows you to distance yourself, so it is possible to analyze thoughts before and after the manifestation of aggression. In the dramatic game, the patient can explore aggressive scenes and see and be aware of the stimulus of the triggers of aggression. The client can gain insight into his internal conflict regarding status and dignity. The dramatic game provides an opportunity to develop the ability to regulate aggression.
The collaboration of the drama therapist in the rehabilitation team is important. Acting interdisciplinary, drama therapists can help develop the patient's understanding of their emotions and feelings, understanding of the situation, awareness of their identity, develop the ability to concentrate, improve social adaptability. Drama therapy in a group promotes the development of the patient's communication skills and social networking. All these effects help to improve the client's quality of life, so they are considered an important part of the treatment process.
At the beginning of the cycle of drama therapy sessions, depending on the client's / patient's needs and the nature of the problem / difficulty, the goals of the therapy are determined. Therapy sessions take place in a safe, supportive atmosphere under the guidance of a therapist. The session consists of conversation and balanced activity with the use of elements of drama, which allows creative expression of thoughts, feelings and emotions. Various properties, objects, accessories, photographs, images, metaphors, etc. are used in the process. The session ends with a conversation summarizing the experience gained.
In the process of therapy, a sense of security is deliberately created, and the client is protected from the dangers of confrontation with inner chaos and experiences, which can upset the mental balance of the personality and make him unable to solve problems in everyday life. Drama therapy provides an opportunity to identify manifestations that are unacceptable to the personality, and to control them safely in the process of drama therapy.
Drama therapy is open to people at any age - children and adolescents, young people and adults, as well as seniors.
Drama therapy, depending on specific goals and needs, takes place individually, in a group, with parents (or one of the parents) and a child, the whole family, as a couple.
Drama therapy sessions are recommended with or without a doctor's appointment.